A notable proportion of term and preterm infants develop neonatal jaundice. Jaundice in an otherwise healthy term infant is the most common reason for readmission to hospital. Jaundice is caused by an increase in serum bilirubin levels, largely as a result of breakdown of red blood cells. The liver converts bilirubin into a conjugated form which is excreted in the bile. Very high levels of unconjugated bilirubin are neurotoxic. Phototherapy is a simple and effective way to reduce the bilirubin level.
Neonatal Asphyxia occurs when infant doesn’t get oxygen. It can cause severe loss of oxygen to infant’s brain, which can injure brain cell causing HIE (Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy).
The brain damage can cause mental and physical disabilities like cerebral palsy, seizure and developmental delays.
Every year, roughly 10 to 60% of babies with HIE die in the newborn period. At least 25% of babies with HIE with delayed treatment suffer neuro development. It is advised to treat babies within 6 hours from birth.
Each year eight million children die before their 5th birthday.
Three million of these deaths occur in the first 28 days and there is nothing more saddening than to watch helplessly as a new born babies life ends before it had had a chance at life. It doesn’t have to be this way. Many of these deaths are preventable if babies are placed in the safety and warmth of a neonatal incubator.
A person with lower limb disability may have to use a wheel chair for the entire life. In a conventional wheelchair the user spends time in a seated position all the time. This constraint gives rise to many physical as well as mental health related issues such as sore body, building of pressure points leading to pressure sores, lowered blood circulation, and dependence on other people for basic needs. One solution to this problem is to provide mechanisms in the wheel-chair to assist the person to stand.
Refreshable Braille Display (RBD) is a device that enables people with visually impairment to read digital text through tactile interface. Textual content in Portable Document Format (PDF), word documents etc. can be read using the display without having to emboss/print on braille paper.
Free from the demerits of both auditory devices and paper-embossed braille and at a price point below one-seventh of that of commercially available displays, RBD has been developed deeper penetration in both developed and developing countries.