HIE (Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy ) is one of the leading causes of Neonatal death.
Every year roughly 10 to 60% babies with HIE die in new born period. Atleast 25% of HIE babies receiving delayed treatment suffer neuro developmental issues.
What is HIE?
HIE stands for Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy
HIE occurs because the baby lacked oxygen or blood flow around time of birth. Eventually, causing brain injury and can result in cerebral palsy and other cognitive and developmental impairments.
Several scientific studies have proven decreasing the body temperature reduces neuro damage.
HIE therapy :
Hypothermia therapy is usually carried out with a cooling system.Therapy usually begins within 6 hours of birth and lasts for next 72 hours. The therapy phase maintains few degree less than body temperature. This phase slows down the metabolic rate of cells. The baby is monitored in therapy phase until treatment stabilizes brain cells preventing further damage. Finally baby’s normal body temperature is slowly regained in 6-7 hours of span.
Stay tune for next post on HIE.